What Causes Painful Periods And How Do You Deal With Them?


Menstruation is the monthly shedding of the uterine lining. It is typical to have some discomfort, soreness, and cramps. However, significant pain that causes you to miss your normal routine necessitates assistance.

Many women get terrible cramps throughout their periods. Dysmenorrhoea is the medical word for menstrual pain. Because of the restriction of spiral arteries, pain and muscle in the secondary endometrium arise. The myometrium contracts spasmodically, pushing the menstrual fluid out of the body through the vagina.

The release of prostaglandins mediates contraction, and if there are too many, it can cause dysmenorrhoea, or greater pain. There are two types of it.

Dysmenorrhoea primary Dysmenorrhoea secondary Primary Dysmenorrhoea Risk Factors Dymenorrhoea is a serious condition that affects some people. The danger includes

Females under the age of 20 A family history of difficult times Smoking Periods of heavy bleeding Periods of inconstancy I’d never had a child before. Early puberty occurs before the age of eleven. Primary dysmenorrhoea is less common as women get older. When periods restart following the birth of a child, pregnancy can help to reduce menstrual pain. If you are experiencing discomfort during your period and are not getting any relief after taking the prescribed pain relievers, you should see a gynecologist.

Physical, emotional, or psychological issues can exacerbate menstruation pain, migraines, and depression in many women.

Painful Periods might be caused by underlying conditions. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a condition in which a woman’s PMS is a frequent ailment in which the body’s hormones alter. After the bleeding happens, the PMS symptoms disappear.

Endometriosis is a painful medical disorder in which cells from the uterine lining migrate to other regions of the reproductive system. The cells typically grow on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvic tissues.

Fibroids in the uterus are noncancerous tumors that induce painful periods by putting pressure on the uterus.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an inflammation of the reproductive organs caused by sexually transmitted microorganisms.

Adenomyosis is an uncommon disorder in which the lining of the uterus develops into the muscle walls, causing pain, inflammation, and longer periods.

Cervical stenosis occurs when the cervix narrows, resulting in decreased menstrual flow and an increase in the size of the uterus.

How Do You Recognize Dysmenorrhoea? The doctor examines your medical history and does physical and laboratory testing in order to provide an accurate diagnosis. The doctor will look for an infectious symptom as well as any reproductive system abnormalities.



To discover abnormalities, ultrasonic waves provide an image of the inside walls of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

Other imaging procedures include:

MRI or CT scan are two further advanced imaging examinations.

These examinations give a more detailed picture than an ultrasound. These tests are more helpful to doctors in determining the underlying problems.

CT scans use X-Ray images obtained from various angles to provide cross-sectional images of all organs, soft tissues, and even bones.

MRI machines employ radio waves and a strong magnetic field to create images of interior organs. MRI and CT scans are both non-invasive and painless.



In every scenario, laparoscopy is unnecessary. They perform it on some women to uncover the underlying problems that cause secondary dysmenorrhoea. Some situations necessitate laparoscopy.

Endometriosis, adhesion, and fallopian tube pregnancy (Ectopic pregnancy) Cysts ovarian Laparoscopy is an outpatient procedure that involves making small cuts on the patient’s body. A doctor looks inside your organ by inserting a fibre-optic tube with a tiny camera to acquire an inside view.

Menstrual Pain Medications Not every woman is blessed with a pain-free period. Anti-inflammatory medicines are the most effective treatment for uncomfortable menstrual cramps.

Ibuprofen Ketoprofen Naproxen These painkiller medications are accessible without a prescription over the counter in pharmacies. Prostaglandins are released during menstruation, which causes pain. Anti-inflammatory medications reduce pain and inflammation by blocking the effects of prostaglandins.

Another way to control or stop menstrual cramps is to start using a birth control hormone. A tablet, an injection, a transdermal patch, or a hormone-containing IUD are all possible options. These techniques can help to lessen or eliminate menstrual flow, resulting in reduced pain.

Alternative procedures: Health professionals can also utilize a few alternative remedies to alleviate menstruation cramps. They go into a handful of these alternate treatments farther down.

TENS stands for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.


It uses adhesive patches with electrodes in them to connect a gadget to the skin. The electrodes stimulate the nerves by delivering a changing degree of electric current through electrodes.

The pain threshold rises, releasing natural endorphins to alleviate the discomfort.

A few herbal medications containing fennel extract or a combination of items have been shown to be useful in alleviating menstruation pain.

Acupuncture and acupressure are two different types of acupuncture.

By relaxing the nerve system, acupuncture can help to alleviate cramps. It improves blood flow to internal organs and is thought to have anti-inflammatory properties. It relieves pains by using tiny needles at places beneath the skin.

Acupressure and acupuncture had more effects than placebo in treating period pain, despite the fact that further research is needed.

Period Pain Reduction Home Remedies Some home treatments are effective in treating dysmenorrhoea symptoms.

Pad for heating a hot bath Light physical activity Yoga and other forms of relaxation Vitamin Supplementation Salt, caffeine, and alcohol intake should be reduced. Menstrual pain is not a life-threatening condition that should not interfere with your regular activities. There are a few food and lifestyle adjustments that are recommended. They can assist with pain relief. If the pain gets worse and doesn’t go away, you should see a doctor.

What is secondary dysmenorrhoea and what causes it? Primary dysmenorrhea refers to cramping throughout your period, while secondary dysmenorrhoea is a different type of dysmenorrhoea.

When you have an issue with your reproductive organs rather than just regular cramping, your doctor will call it secondary dysmenorrhoea. This could be the source of your occasional cramps.

The following are some of the causes of secondary dysmenorrhoea.

Endometriosis is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus, the endometrium, grows on the outside of the uterus.

Pelvic inflammatory illness is an infection that begins in the uterine lining and spreads to other reproductive organs. The bacterial infection is the primary cause.

The cervix, or lower section of the uterus, narrows due to stenosis. Scarring and a shortage of oestrogen hormone in women after menopause cause it. Fibroids are growths that can appear on the inner wall of the uterus.

Consult your doctor if you have an unusual pattern of menstrual cramps or if they continue longer than 2 to 3 days.

Menstrual cramps must be addressed. During your check-up, the doctor will inquire about your typical menstrual cycle and other pertinent information. A pelvic examination may be requested by the doctor. A doctor will use a tool called a speculum to inspect the inside of your vagina and cervix.

A doctor may use her fingers to examine the ovaries and the uterus’ inner lining for anything odd. For an accurate diagnosis, laboratory testing of vaginal fluid is required.

If your initial medical examination reveals that your cramps are merely usual period discomfort or anything else, you may need to undergo additional tests.

Treatment for Secondary Dysmenorrhoea Pain In the event of the illnesses listed above, surgery is the sole option for pain control. For issues such as endometriosis or cysts, doctors use the surgical technique.

If all other treatments fail to control the illness, surgical removal of the uterus is the only way to relieve the symptoms and severe agony. Menstruation ends after the uterus is removed, as does the possibility of becoming pregnant.

Secondary Dysmenorrhoea Symptoms Secondary dysmenorrhoea has symptoms that are distinct from menstrual pain. They consist of

Pain in the abdomen that pulses Cramps Lower back discomfort Leg discomfort Abdominal distension In a stool, make a change. Excess hormone synthesis in the body, pressure for constricted blood flow, and inflammation in the reproductive organs are the main causes of these symptoms. The chemicals that the body releases to prepare for menstruation also cause abdominal distension. These substances also produce changes in the stool, although they can also cause constipation. It differs from one woman to the next. Some women become unwell, while others develop watery stools.

How might secondary dysmenorrhoea pain be managed? It is frequently feasible to manage the pain of menstruation.

In about 80% of cases, NSAIDs are beneficial.

Hormones for birth control are also an option. However, if the discomfort does not go away and lasts more than a few days, see your doctor.

Period pain is a natural occurrence if it does not become unbearable. Consider the underlying health issues if you experience unexpected and excruciating pain during your menstrual period. It is advisable to seek medical advice.

wejis004 4 months 2022-05-25T11:10:21+00:00 0 Answers 6 views Beginner 0

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