Basic Fire Fighting (BFF)
The purpose of this basic fire fighting training is to give participants skills, knowledge and expertise that will enable them to identify the conditions capable of causing fire, know how to use a fire extinguisher, respond appropriately to fire emergencies and follow the fire evacuation plan, adequately implement fire emergency procedures.
No firefighting operation can be successful without the proper, safe execution of the fundamental skills covered in Firefighter Basic training.
fires can be very dangerous and life-threatening. Your safety should always be your primary concern when attempting to fight a fire.
Before deciding to fight a fire, be certain that:
- The fire is small and not spreading.
- A fire can double in size within two or three minutes.
- You have the proper fire extinguisher for what is burning.
- The fire won’t block your exit if you can’t control it.
- A good way to ensure this is to keep the exit at your back.
- You know your fire extinguisher works. Inspect extinguishers once a month for dents, leaks or other signs of damage.
- Assure the pressure is at the recommended level.
Use this acronym PASS when fighting fire
P. A. S. S.
Pull the Pin at the top of the extinguisher. The pin releases a locking mechanism and will allow you to discharge the extinguisher.
Aim at the base of the fire, not the flames. This is important – in order to put out the fire, you must extinguish the fuel.
Squeeze the lever slowly. This will release the extinguishing agent in the extinguisher. If the handle is released, the discharge will stop.
Sweep from side to side. Using a sweeping motion, move the fire extinguisher back and forth until the fire is completely out. Operate the extinguisher from a safe distance, several feet away, and then move towards the fire once it starts to diminish. Be sure to read the instructions on your fire extinguisher – different fire extinguishers recommend operating them from different distances. Remember: Aim at the base of the fire, not at the flames!!!!
How to Fight a Fire Safely:
- Always stand with an exit at your back.
- Stand several feet away from the fire, moving closer once the fire starts to diminish.
- Use a sweeping motion and aim at the base of the fire.
- If possible, use a “buddy system” to have someone back you up or call for help if something goes wrong.
- Be sure to watch the area for a while to ensure it doesn’t re-ignite.